The Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ; Weinman et al., 1996) was developed to provide a quantitative assessment of the five components of the illness representation – identity, consequences, timeline, control/cure and cause in Leventhal’s Self-Regulatory Model (Leventhal et al., 1984, 1997). Revised versions of the IPQ (IPQ-R) have ben validated for the following conditions (Moss-Morris et al .,2002)  :

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Acute Pain
Myocardial Infarction

Multiple Sclerosis

For further details on the IPQ or IPQ-R please click here

The Illness Perception Questionnaire – Revised – Pelvic Pain (IPQ-R-PP) has been devised to provide a greater insight into the patients beliefs about his or her own Pelvic Pain. I am keen for feedback, comments and clinical experiences of the questionnaire (please email me at A patients perception of their own illness has major clinical implications if we are to truly understand and treat the patient, not just their collection of symptoms. Looking beyond the Biomedical paradigm to consider the individual experiencing pain is essential to offer a holistic approach to the treatment of pelvic pain.

Once acquired, the information a patient has around their own health and presenting condition can be deconstructed. A new framework, with sound underpinning of current research into pain can be implemented. A reduction in pain catastrophisation, hyper vigilance and emotional distress will only help enhance any physical or manual therapy provided for our patients.

“Catastrophising has been shown to be associated with persistent pain; it is a predictor of poor outcomes in pain management interventions” (Abbott 2010, Truchon 2008)

“Studies have shown that reduction in pain catastrophizing is the single best predictor of successful rehabilitation for pain-related conditions” (Sullivan 2013)

Pelvic Pain Perception Questionnaire 1


Abbott, A.D., Tyni-Lenne, R., & Hedlund, R. (2010). The influence of psychological factors on pre-operative levels of pain intensity, disability and health-related quality of life in lumbar spinal fusion surgery patients. Physiotherapy, 96(3), 213-221. doi: 10.1016/

Leventhal, H., Nerenz, D.R. and Steele, D.S. (1984). Illness representations and coping with health threats. In: Baum, A. Taylor, S.E. and Singer, J.E. (Eds.), Handbook of psychology and health. Vol. IV. pp.219–252. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Leventhal, H., Benyamini, Y., Brownlee, S., Diefenbach, M., Leventhal, E., Patrick-Miller, L. and Robitaille, C.(1997). Illness representations: Theoretical Foundations. In: Petrie, K.J. and Weinman, J. (Eds.), Perceptions of health and illness: Current research and applications. pp. 19–45. Amsterdam: Harwood Academic Publishers.

Moss-Morris, R., Weinman, J., Petrie, K. J., Horne, R., Cameron, L.D., & Buick, D. (2002). The Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ-R). Psychology and Health. 17, 1-16.

 Sullivan MJL, Adams H, Rhodenizer T, Stanish WD. A psychosocial risk factor-targeted intervention for the prevention of chronic pain and disability following whiplash injury. Phys. Ther.86(1),8–18 (2006)

Truchon M, Côté D. Predictive validity of the Chronic Pain Coping Inventory in subacute low back pain. Pain. 2005;116:205–212.

Weinman, J., Petrie, K.J., Moss-Morris, R. and Horne, R. (1996). The Illness Perception Questionnaire: A new method for assessing the cognitive representations of illness. Psychology and Health, 11, 431–445.

Testimonials From Clients

“Having suffered with Pelvic Pain to the point where I had to be hospitalised for a number of nights. Karl has a great understanding and level of empathy with his patients. Appreciating exactly how they feel and what they are going through”

To read blog posts from my patients about their successful recovery from their chronic pelvic pain and chronic prostatitis experiences, in their own words click here


Please find below a sample of some of my patient testimonials from over the years. I have not included them ALL here. Instead I have picked a handful of those that demonstrate a wide range of my skill sets, outcomes and patient opinions. I would therefore hope that you are able to gauge how I approach my methods of treatment. If you have any questions regarding any of these comments below or would like to know more about my treatment please contact me here

My aim is to take every individual patient I see and treat them as individuals. If I am not achieving this then I believe I am letting down that patient. It is therefore imperative that my approach is bespoke and tailored. Failure to do so is likely to result in an unsuccessful outcome.

From those testimonials listed below I hope to give you a flavour of what you can expect if you come and see me as a patient.


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